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There are two international billiard organizations, one is the International Billiards Federation World Billiards Federation WPBSA, and the other is the World Professional Billiards Federation.
The World Professional Billiards League is mainly dedicated to the development of professional billiards. It organizes professional ranking series for professional players in the world, such as the World Professional Championships, etc. World-renowned professional players such as Hendry, Davis, and Sullivan are participating It's a professional game. The International Billiards Federation has 72 member states and aims to promote and popularize billiards globally. The World Snooker Championship is the organization's competition.
The World Professional Snooker League and the International Taiwan Federation organize matches in parallel. If you want to participate in professional competitions, you must first obtain a professional qualification. The international billiards federation organizes the game, as long as the world ranks behind 64 players can participate.
Cue Ball: A ball that an athlete directly hits with a club from beginning to end, and uses the power of the ball to hit other balls to score. This ball is called a "cue ball" or "cue ball". In snooker and American billiards, players of both sides use a white ball as the main ball, three-ball snooker and four-ball percussion billiards use a white ball respectively as the main ball, and the first player uses a white with black dots. The ball is the main ball, and the two-shot player uses a white ball without black dots as the main ball.
Target ball: The first ball that an athlete can directly hit with the cue ball is the target ball. Three-ball snooker and four-ball percussion billiards are all target balls except for the cue ball. For snooker and American billiards, the target ball of each hit changes.
Ball player: The person who is about to hit or is hitting the ball is called a "batsman". Before the end of a shot or stroke, that is, before the referee announces a "missing chance" or "foul", this person keeps hitting The identity of the ball player.
One shot: Every batter hitting the cue ball with the tip of the club, whether it is a score, a foul, or a miss, is called a "shot." If the cue ball is hit again after scoring, it is counted as the next shot.
One shot: The batting player scores the first time he hits the ball, then hits the ball again, and continues to score until he loses his chance or commits a foul, which is called "one shot."
Set: From the kick-off, until all the balls are shot down or the specified score is reached, or the specified time is reached, it is called a “set”.
Round: It is stipulated by the organizer at the beginning of the game or agreed by the two sides of the game. Several sets are one set. Each round can be played only one set, three sets two wins or five sets three wins.
field: It is stipulated by the organizer at the beginning of the game or agreed by the two sides of the game. Several rounds are one game. For example, one game can be defined as three wins in five rounds or five wins in nine rounds.
In-game ball: When the game starts, all balls that stay or move on the table are in-game balls.
Kick-off: The first shot of the player hitting the cue ball is the kick-off, which is the beginning of the game.
Missed opportunity: Although the batter hits a target ball with the cue ball, but fails to score or commits fouls and violations, it is considered a missed opportunity, and then the opposing player should switch to hitting the ball.
Foul or violation: Any violation of the rules of the game is regarded as a foul or violation, but it must be determined by the referee to be effective.
Empty shot: After the batting player hits the cue ball without hitting any target ball, it is called an "empty shot", which is a foul.
Putting: When the batting player hits the cue ball, the cue ball advances and hits the target ball, the club head has not been out of contact with the cue ball, which is equivalent to pushing out the two balls together, which is called a "putting." In other words, instead of hitting the cue ball with a cue stick, the cue ball is pushed out with a cue stick, which is similar to holding the ball in volleyball. Putting is a foul. If the cue ball is almost in contact with the target ball, when hitting the ball, the cue ball must be thinly brushed over the target or hitting the ball with stick and point techniques is regarded as a normal shot.
Combo: In the course of a shot, the club head hits the cue ball more than twice is called a "combo", which is a foul.
Out of bounds: Any ball hit on the ground or stopped on the edge of the stage is called "out of bounds" and is a foul.
Mistaken shot: The batting player mistakenly hits another ball as his cue ball. This is called a "mistaken shot", which is a foul.
Side shot: Hitting both sides of the cue ball with a cue stick is called "off shot", hitting the right side of the cue ball is called "right side shot", and hitting the left side of the cue ball is called "left side shot". The deflection can make the cue ball rotate sideways.
Tie rod: After the cue ball hits the target ball, it moves laterally to the left or right, which is called a “trolley”.
Shrinking: After the cue ball hits the target ball, the target ball moves forward, and the cue ball moves backwards, which is called "shrinking".
Follow the ball: After the cue ball hits the target ball, the target ball moves forward and the cue ball then follows up, which is called "follow the ball".
Rod tie: When hitting the ball, the cue stick is almost perpendicular to the table, and the cue ball is hit from top to bottom to cause the cue ball to rotate strongly, which is called a "rod".
Point shot: When the distance between the cue ball and the target ball is less than the diameter of a ball, in order to avoid putting, hit the center of the cue ball. When the club head touches the cue ball, quickly draw the club back to the target ball. After being hit, the cue ball moves forward and the cue ball is set in its original position. This method of hitting the ball is called "point stick".
Positioning: After the batter hits the target ball with the cue ball, the cue ball or the target ball moves to the desired position according to their will, which is called "walking."
Stick to the ball: The cue ball and one or two balls are close to each other without gaps, which is called "stick to the ball." In the event of sticking to the ball, it must be determined by the referee to be effective. Various billiards rules have different treatment methods for sticking the ball.
Table: It is the horizontal part of the table. On an absolutely flat and very smooth bluestone board, the table is covered with standard cloth. The table is surrounded by a frame above the table to ensure that the billiard balls can roll freely within this range.
table edge (also known as "shore"): is the frame around the table top that is higher than the table top, and is inlaid with standard elastic rubber strips. The edge of the table facing the front of the tee area is called the top edge or top bank. The edge of the table behind the tee area is called the bottom edge, the right edge is called the right edge, and the left edge is called the left edge.
Ball bags: The four corners and the middle of the two sides of the snooker, three-ball, and American billiard tables are equipped with ball bags, a total of six, for receiving the fallen balls.
Place the ball point: when the ball is kicked off, the ball is pocketed, or out of bounds, the point where the ball needs to be placed is called the “placement point”.
Occupation: The prescribed place of the ball is occupied by other balls, which is called "occupation". At this time, it can be handled as required.
Triangular Ball Frame: It is a special tool for placing piles of balls for snooker and sixteen colored balls. Before kick-off, it is required to put all the balls into a regular triangle ball pile and place them neatly on the designated position on the table. Only by using this mold can the specified requirements be met.
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