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Black eight billiards, is a kind of sport, originated in China, also called black eight billiards, also called American Pool (8 balls), English is: POOL EIGHT BALL. Standard Rules STANDARD RULES Definition: Freedom to hit the ball 1. When one party commits a foul, the other party can place the cue ball anywhere on the table and start hitting the ball. 2. A free kick on the line means that when the kick-off party fouls, the party who won the free kick can only place the cue ball arbitrarily behind the kick-off line, and can only hit any target ball between the open ball line and the top side.
1. Game method The 8-ball game uses the same cue ball (white) and a total of 15 target balls from 1 to 15. Balls 1 to 7 are full-color balls, No. 8 is black, and Nos. 9 to 15 are double-color balls (also Called the suit ball). The two sides of the game determine a ball (full color or suit) as their legal target ball according to the rules. After hitting all the target balls of their own side into eight bags according to the rules, the team that hits the number 8 ball into the bag wins the game . If one side accidentally hits the No. 8 ball into the pocket or knocks the No. 8 ball off the table in the middle of the game, the opponent wins the game.
2. Equipment 1. Ball table: The inner edge size is 2540mm×1270mm, and the height from the ground to the top of the library is 800mm-850mm. 2. Cue: Must meet the standards recognized by the Chinese Billiards Association. 3. Pole: The competition must be provided by the competition club. 4. Ball setting point: the point 635mm from the top library on the center line of the long side of the table. 5. Kick-off line: a straight line parallel to the bottom library of the table, 450mm from the bottom edge, and intersecting the left and right libraries. 6. Kick-off area: The effective kick-off area drawn on the table by the tournament organizing committee (usually appears in professional events).
3. Place the ball Before the kick-off, the target balls are arranged in a triangle, a total of 5 rows, and the number of balls in each volley is one to five. The first ball in the first row is placed at the ‘placement point’, and the No. 8 ball is placed in the middle of the third row. The other goal balls are placed in full color and suit at random intervals, but they must be close to each other. Both sides of the game have the right to check whether the ball placement complies with the rules and request amendments.
4. Kick-off 1. The kick-off right of the first game is determined by both sides hitting two cue balls of the same specification to the bottom side at the same time after the kick-off line, and then they will stand still after hitting the bottom side. The side with the ball closer to the top edge gets the kick-off. If the hit ball does not touch the bottom edge or is pocketed, it is a foul and the opponent gets the kick-off right; if the ball of both sides is the same distance from the top edge, it cannot be determined or the two sides foul, the process will be repeated until one side gets the kick-off right. 2. The Organizing Committee of the competition may decide on multiple rounds before the game for both sides to take turns to kick-off or the winner to kick-off. 3. After kick-off, any goal ball must be pocketed or at least 4 goal balls must touch the edge of the table. If the cue ball jumps off the table or the host is pocketed or touches the edge of the table with fewer than 4 goal balls after kick-off, it is a foul. Penalties for violating this rule: the opponent can request to swing the ball, and the opponent or the offending team will re-start the ball; or the opponent has the right to hit the ball freely after getting the line. 4. If the 8th ball is directly pocketed after the kick-off, the kick-off party will re-tick. 5. After kick-off, if there is no goal or foul, the opponent will continue to hit the ball. V. Determine the suit 1. After a team has scored a goal legally in an open game, the type (full color or suit) scored by the team is the legal goal ball of that game, and the other type of ball is the legal goal of the opponent in the game. The game is closed. 2. The kick-off has the ball into the pocket, regardless of the number, color, order, and the kick-off side continue to hit the ball and have the right to continue to choose the type. After that, if the ball of the selected type is legally pocketed, the game is closed; if the ball of the selected type is not pocketed, the game is still open, and the other party can continue to choose the type; Although the class ball is pocketed, but it is accompanied by fouls such as the cue ball being pocketed or the cue ball or the target ball is released, the ball game is still open and the opponent is entitled to a free hit. 3. When the game is open, the batting team can use one type of ball to persistently pass balls of different suits into the pocket or use the No. 8 ball to pass other goals into the pocket without fouling, but the goal cannot be committed. Close the game and change the opponent to hit the ball.
VI. Batting 1. Players do not need to designate a pocket ball or pocket each time they hit the ball (except when hitting the No. 8 ball). If there is no foul in the whole process of hitting the ball, then the goal ball of the team will be valid and the shot will be continued. Right: If the goal ball of the team is pocketed and the opponent's goal ball is pocketed, the opponent's target ball will not be taken out; if only the opponent's target ball is pocketed, no foul is committed and the opponent will hit the ball instead. 2. After any party hits the ball, the cue ball must first touch the target ball of its own side (after all the target balls of this side are in the pocket, the No. 8 ball is the target ball). Penalties for violation of this rule: the opponent Get a free hit 3. After one party hits the cue ball and touches the target ball, if no target ball is pocketed, at least one ball must touch the edge of the table (including the cue ball). Penalty for violating this rule: The opponent is given the right to free hitting. 4. After hitting the ball, the unpocketed target ball and cue ball must stay on the table. Penalties for violating this rule: if the No. 8 ball stays outside the table, the hitting team loses the game; if the other balls stay outside the table, the opponent is given the right to hit the ball freely, and the target ball that jumps off the table disappears reasonably. 5. During the hitting process (including before and after the shot), any part of the body (including clothing) and equipment (including shaft, frame, dusting) of the player other than the club head must not touch any ball on the table . 6. The club head cannot touch the cue ball more than twice (including twice) during a single shot. Penalty for violating this rule: The opponent is given the right to hit the ball freely.
VII. Sticking the ball 1. When the cue ball is attached to the target ball on the table, after the hitting party hits the cue ball, the target ball can be moved, and there is no limit to the angle of the shot, but the striking action must be obvious. Reverse hit, the target ball does not move, it does not count as touching the target ball. Penalty for violating this rule: The opponent is given the right to free hitting. 2. When the cue ball is attached to the non-local target ball on the table, after the hitting party hits the cue ball, the target ball cannot move directly due to the hit. 3. When the target ball is close to the edge of the table, after the cue ball hits the target ball, the target ball must leave the edge of the table and touch the edge of the table again or have other balls, touch the edge of the table or have the target ball into the pocket. Penalty for violating this rule: The opponent is given the right to free hitting.
8. Jump ball 1. The player who hits the ball can hit the cue ball off the table according to technical requirements, jump over other target balls and hit the target ball directly. But the provisions of Rule 6 still apply. 2. When jumping the ball, the hitter can only hit the area above 1/2 of the main ball with the club head, and the club used cannot be shorter than 90 cm. Penalty for violating this rule: The opponent is given the right to free hitting.
9. Three consecutive fouls When a team fouls three consecutive times in the same game, the game loses. However, the referee is obliged to warn one side after two consecutive fouls. Two consecutive fouls-Refers to a foul in the course of three consecutive hits by one party, regardless of whether the opponent hit, scored, or fouled. If one side has committed two consecutive fouls and after his turn hits the ball, and a legal goal is scored, the foul is no longer consecutive.
10. Losing the game 1. The opponent hits the No. 8 ball without fouls and falls into the designated bag or has committed three consecutive fouls. 2. Hit the No. 8 ball into the pocket first without hitting all the target balls of the team. 3. Hit the No. 8 ball out of the table (except when kicking off). 4. When hitting the No. 8 ball, the cue ball falls into the pocket or jumps off the table. 5. One hit makes the last goal ball of the team and the No. 8 ball into the pocket simultaneously or successively. 6. The goal bag when hitting the 8th ball is not a designated bag
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